jerasure_07.c 8.06 KB
/* *
 * Copyright (c) 2014, James S. Plank and Kevin Greenan
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Jerasure - A C/C++ Library for a Variety of Reed-Solomon and RAID-6 Erasure
 * Coding Techniques
 *
 * Revision 2.0: Galois Field backend now links to GF-Complete
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 *  - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 *  - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 *  - Neither the name of the University of Tennessee nor the names of its
 *    contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *    from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 * HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
 * BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS
 * OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED
 * AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY
 * WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/* Jerasure's authors:

   Revision 2.x - 2014: James S. Plank and Kevin M. Greenan.
   Revision 1.2 - 2008: James S. Plank, Scott Simmerman and Catherine D. Schuman.
   Revision 1.0 - 2007: James S. Plank.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <gf_rand.h>
#include "jerasure.h"

#define talloc(type, num) (type *) malloc(sizeof(type)*(num))

static void usage(char *s)
{
  fprintf(stderr, "usage: jerasure_07 k m w seed - Scheduled Cauchy Reed-Solomon coding example in GF(2^w).\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "       \n");
  fprintf(stderr, "       k+m must be <= 2^w.  It sets up a Cauchy generator matrix and encodes\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "       k sets of w*%ld bytes. It uses bit-matrix scheduling, both smart and dumb.\n", sizeof(long));
  fprintf(stderr, "       It decodes using bit-matrix scheduling, then shows an example of\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "       using jerasure_do_scheduled_operations().\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "       \n");
  fprintf(stderr, "This demonstrates: jerasure_dumb_bitmatrix_to_schedule()\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "                   jerasure_smart_bitmatrix_to_schedule()\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "                   jerasure_schedule_encode()\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "                   jerasure_schedule_decode_lazy()\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "                   jerasure_do_scheduled_operations()\n");
  fprintf(stderr, "                   jerasure_get_stats()\n");
  if (s != NULL) fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", s);
  exit(1);
}

static void print_array(char **ptrs, int ndevices, int size, int packetsize, char *label)
{
  int i, j, x;
  unsigned char *up;

  printf("<center><table border=3 cellpadding=3><tr><td></td>\n");

  for (i = 0; i < ndevices; i++) printf("<td align=center>%s%x</td>\n", label, i);
  printf("</tr>\n");
  printf("<td align=right><pre>");
  for (j = 0; j < size/packetsize; j++) printf("Packet %d\n", j);
  printf("</pre></td>\n");
  for (i = 0; i < ndevices; i++) {
    printf("<td><pre>");
    up = (unsigned char *) ptrs[i];
    for (j = 0; j < size/packetsize; j++) {
      for (x = 0; x < packetsize; x++) {
        if (x > 0 && x%4 == 0) printf(" ");
        printf("%02x", up[j*packetsize+x]);
      }
      printf("\n");
    }
    printf("</td>\n");
  }
  printf("</tr></table></center>\n");
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  int k, w, i, j, m;
  int *matrix, *bitmatrix;
  char **data, **coding, **ptrs;
  int **smart, **dumb;
  int *erasures, *erased;
  double stats[3];
  uint32_t seed;
  
  if (argc != 5) usage("Wrong number of arguments");
  if (sscanf(argv[1], "%d", &k) == 0 || k <= 0) usage("Bad k");
  if (sscanf(argv[2], "%d", &m) == 0 || m <= 0) usage("Bad m");
  if (sscanf(argv[3], "%d", &w) == 0 || w <= 0 || w > 32) usage("Bad w");
  if (sscanf(argv[4], "%d", &seed) == 0) usage("Bad seed");
  if (w < 30 && (k+m) > (1 << w)) usage("k + m is too big");

  matrix = talloc(int, m*k);
  for (i = 0; i < m; i++) {
    for (j = 0; j < k; j++) {
      matrix[i*k+j] = galois_single_divide(1, i ^ (m + j), w);
    }
  }
  bitmatrix = jerasure_matrix_to_bitmatrix(k, m, w, matrix);

  printf("<HTML><TITLE>jerasure_07");
  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) printf(" %s", argv[i]);
  printf("</TITLE>\n");
  printf("<h3>jerasure_07");
  for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) printf(" %s", argv[i]);
  printf("</h3>\n");
  printf("<hr>\n");

  printf("Last m*w rows of the generator matrix (G^T):\n<pre>\n");
  jerasure_print_bitmatrix(bitmatrix, w*m, w*k, w);
  printf("</pre><hr>\n");
  
  dumb = jerasure_dumb_bitmatrix_to_schedule(k, m, w, bitmatrix);
  smart = jerasure_smart_bitmatrix_to_schedule(k, m, w, bitmatrix);

  MOA_Seed(seed);
  data = talloc(char *, k);
  for (i = 0; i < k; i++) {
    data[i] = talloc(char, sizeof(long)*w);
    MOA_Fill_Random_Region(data[i], sizeof(long)*w);
  }

  coding = talloc(char *, m);
  for (i = 0; i < m; i++) {
    coding[i] = talloc(char, sizeof(long)*w);
  }

  jerasure_schedule_encode(k, m, w, dumb, data, coding, w*sizeof(long), sizeof(long));
  jerasure_get_stats(stats);
  printf("Dumb Encoding Complete: - %.0lf XOR'd bytes.  State of the system:\n\n", stats[0]);
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(data, k, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "D");
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(coding, m, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "C");
  printf("<hr>\n");

  jerasure_schedule_encode(k, m, w, smart, data, coding, w*sizeof(long), sizeof(long));
  jerasure_get_stats(stats);
  printf("Smart Encoding Complete: - %.0lf XOR'd bytes\n\n", stats[0]);
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(data, k, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "D");
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(coding, m, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "C");
  printf("<hr>\n");

  erasures = talloc(int, (m+1));
  erased = talloc(int, (k+m));
  for (i = 0; i < m+k; i++) erased[i] = 0;
  for (i = 0; i < m; ) {
    erasures[i] = MOA_Random_W(w, 1)%(k+m);
    if (erased[erasures[i]] == 0) {
      erased[erasures[i]] = 1;
      bzero((erasures[i] < k) ? data[erasures[i]] : coding[erasures[i]-k], sizeof(long)*w);
      i++;
    }
  }
  erasures[i] = -1;

  printf("Erased %d random devices:\n\n", m);
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(data, k, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "D");
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(coding, m, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "C");
  printf("<hr>\n");

  jerasure_schedule_decode_lazy(k, m, w, bitmatrix, erasures, data, coding, w*sizeof(long), sizeof(long), 1);
  jerasure_get_stats(stats);

  printf("State of the system after decoding: %.0lf XOR'd bytes\n\n", stats[0]);
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(data, k, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "D");
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(coding, m, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "C");
  printf("<hr>\n");
  
  ptrs = talloc(char *, (k+m));
  for (i = 0; i < k; i++) ptrs[i] = data[i];
  for (i = 0; i < m; i++) ptrs[k+i] = coding[i];

  for (j = 0; j < m; j++) bzero(coding[j], sizeof(long)*w);
  printf("State of the system after erasing the coding devices:\n");
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(data, k, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "D");
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(coding, m, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "C");
  printf("<hr>\n");

  jerasure_do_scheduled_operations(ptrs, smart, sizeof(long));
  printf("And using <b>jerasure_do_scheduled_operations()</b>: %.0lf XOR'd bytes\n\n", stats[0]);
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(data, k, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "D");
  printf("<p>\n");
  print_array(coding, m, sizeof(long)*w, sizeof(long), "C");
  printf("<hr>\n");

  return 0;
}